This project is mutiple, investigating specific time/space events of space science infrstructure impacting earth environments, communities, laws and politics within a broader timeline and spatial field of (neo)colonial projects and privitization of commons. This research is in collaboration with Dr. Casey Lynch , an Assistant Professor in the Department of Geography, University of Nevada, Reno.
Observation and Occupation: Settler Colonialism and Space Science Infrastructure in Hawaii
Paper under review summer 2020.
Contemporary Western space science and outer space exploration are inextricably tied to longstanding logics of settler colonialism that aim to evacuate space of meaning in the production of a terra nullius — an empty space for European occupation and a view-from-nowhere from which to objectively observe the universe. The concept of the colony spans spacetimes from Captain Cook’s voyages to the Pacific Islands in the 18th century to projected futures of human settlements on Moon and Mars. Within the broad historical–geographical diversity of colonialism this paper focuses on two space science infrastructures in Hawaii, the Thirty Meter Telescope and the Hawaii Space Exploration Analog and Simulation, and how they employ ideals of the colony, islands, and the cosmos. This paper explores how scientific observation and colonial occupation are co-constituted through the production and maintenance of infrastructures, including the apparatuses of scientific investigation that extend spatially and temporally far beyond the specific sites in question.
Chancellor’ s Office Research, Scholarship and Creative Activities Award (RSCA), California State University ($5,000).
See Also: Meta Earth, virtual Mars, IOW AMS 2018.
Spaceport America and Offworld Access
Spaceport America: Contested Offworld Access and the Everyman Astronaut (2019). Available online: https://doi.org/10.1080/14650045.2019.1569631 .
Spaceport America, a spectacle to see with curvilinear geometry that itself looks like a spacecraft rising out of the desert near Truth or Consequences, New Mexico, conveys a hope of the everyman astronaut. Yet this private-public project, spending over $200 million in state taxpayer money to build and with a $2.85 million projected operating budget for 2017, does not provide the vertical transport analog of an airport. As Virgin Galactic stalls in launching its astronomically-priced zero gravity music festival and commercial passenger flights, the facilities have been dusted off for educational rocketry club launches and Hollywood film backdrops while most public access to the grounds is restricted to expensive guided tours.
As with the Spaceport, access to outer space itself raises questions of public versus private ownership and exclusivity. With the withering role of nation states in offplanet activity, there are openings for outer space to become another site of capital accumulation or to manifest as envisioned by social movements such as the Association of Autonomous Astronauts. Given that dominion over outer space has previously been established on a ‘first come, first served’ basis based on national economic and technical superiority, how is access being contested by private and civic interests? This paper considers Spaceport America a site of competing state, corporate, and civil society interests negotiating tensions in the geophysical and technical, political economic, and cultural imaginaries of outer space access.